Poverty is a long-lived and ongoing problem in Thailand. 18 million persons, or one-third of the total population lack income sufficient for basic subsistence. Of these, 80% live in the North and Northeastern regions. The Justice Fund Office was established in 2006 with the objective of helping the poorest and most vulnerable with legal assistance in order to have access to equal justice. However, The Justice Fund Office cannot provide assistance to enough of those in need (in accordance with its commitment) -- especially the impoverished living in remote rural areas. Therefore, it will be necessary for the Justice Fund Office to expand its assistance.
      The Justice Fund Office was initially operated by the Rights and Liberties Protection Department. During the period of the de-centralization process, assistance was provided by the Justice Fund Office in association with the Justice Provincial Office, Community Justice Center, and the Damrongdhama Center. The subcommittees responsible for determining assistance eligibility include the Bangkok Assistance Subcommittee, Provincial Assistance Subcommittee, Human Rights Protection Subcommittee, and the subcommittee responsible for considering legal knowledge campaigns.
      During the early stage, dating from 2006 to 2014, 12,894 people requested assistance from the Justice Fund Office. 5,583 of them received assistance with a total support amount of 262,412,042 Baht. In 2015, as the distribution of power was implemented, 4,542 people requested assistance from the Justice Fund Office, compared to 2,379 requests in 2014 before the implementation of the distribution of power. This indicates a 90.92% increase in the number of requests. According to the statistics from the Justice Fund Office, just 2 years after the distribution of power was implemented, from 2015 to 2016, there were 10,143 requests with a total support amount of 351,041,375 Baht.